Myopia is a refractive error, also known as nearsightedness. Myopia is present at birth and progresses gradually or rapidly during childhood or the teen years. This condition allows you to see close-up objects clearly, but objects in the distance appear blurry. This condition can be treated by our optometrists at Arvada Optometric Center.
Who Is At Risk For Myopia?
Myopia often runs in the family. If one of your parents has this refractive error, you have a chance of getting it as well. If both parents are nearsighted, the risk increases significantly. In addition, studies have shown that not spending enough time outdoors can increase your risk.
The Symptoms of Myopia
As we have mentioned, myopia causes objects in the distance to appear blurry. The other symptoms include:
- Needing to squint to see objects in the distance clearly
- Headaches caused by eyestrain
- Difficulty driving, particularly at night
- Needing to sit closer to the television or in the front of the classroom
- Excessive blinking
- Frequent rubbing of the eyes
Myopia can be diagnosed during an annual eye exam. Our optometrists will have you read the letters on the Snellen chart and perform a refraction test to determine your prescription.
There are several treatment options for myopia. These include:
- Eyeglasses: Eyeglasses are the most common treatment option. You will choose an eyeglass frame that fits your face and our optometrists will put prescription lenses in the frame.
- Contact lenses: Many people prefer glasses over contacts because they provide a natural appearance. In addition, your vision will not be obstructed by dirty lenses or the eyeglass frame. Athletes prefer contacts because they are more convenient than sports goggles. If you choose to get contacts, you will need a pair of eyeglasses as a backup. If you have a condition that makes you hard to fit for contacts, our eye doctors can prescribe special lenses that will work with your condition.
- LASIK surgery: LASIK is a laser surgical procedure that reshapes your cornea, correcting your refractive errors.
- Ortho-K: These are special contact lenses that are worn at night. While you sleep, the lenses gently reshape your cornea. When you wake up and remove the contacts, you will be able to see clearly throughout the day.
Myopia Control in Children
Children with myopia are prescribed eyeglasses to help them see clearly. There are also myopia control methods to slow and even stop the progression of the condition. These include Ortho-K and low-dose atropine drops.
Get Myopia Control in Arvada, CO
If you are having trouble seeing objects in the distance, schedule an appointment with one of our optometrists at Arvada Optometric Center. We will perform an eye exam to determine if you have myopia and then discuss your treatment options. Call our team today at (303) 424-5282 or reach us through our website by using our online contact form.