Cataracts: Symptoms and Treatment
Cataracts, despite their name, are not separate objects that grow in the eyes. Instead, someone is said to have them when the lenses of their eyes have become cloudy. The cloudy lenses themselves are cataracts. This cloudiness interferes with light transmission into the eye, thereby causing vision deterioration.
Who is Likely to Get Cataracts?
In most cases, they affect people who are over 60 years old. That said, an optometrists at AOC warns that younger people can get them as well. Conditions unrelated to age include:
- Congenital cataracts. Some people are born with them.
- Traumatic cataracts. In some cases, an eye injury can trigger the clouding of the lens.
- Secondary cataracts. Certain diseases, such as diabetes can spur the early formation of cataracts. Other causes, such as chemical exposure, UV light, other radiation exposure, or the use of corticosteroids or diuretics, are also possible.
Symptoms of Cataracts
The presence of cloudiness in the lens is often perceived as just that: things you look at seem cloudy. It can also look like you're trying to see through a film. Loss of vision progresses as cataracts become more opaque.
Since cataracts block light, the loss of the ability to see well at night is often one of the first major signs. Eventually, the loss of night vision can get serious enough to prevent night driving altogether.
The blockage of light also affects color perception, increases nearsightedness, and increases blurriness in your vision. As the cataracts progress, glare becomes a problem even during the day. Double vision may arise in the affected eye(s). Finally, the light blockage is so significant that you can barely see.
How Your Eye Doctor Can Help
While cataracts are still mild, our Westminster and Arvada optometrists can usually help simply by increasing the strength of your eyeglasses or contacts. Later, depending on cataracts' progression, you may need to have the lenses of your eyes replaced with artificial ones. Since the new ones will be clear, your vision will be markedly improved.
Regular Checkups Minimize the Problems from Cataracts
The exact cause of cataracts is not yet known, so there are no surefire prevention methods. Even so, doctors of optometry say that you should have an eye exam every year if you are over 60, and every two years if you are younger. This allows them to spot any emerging cataracts right away and prescribe corrective eyewear or treatments as required.
Contact Our Local Eye Doctor for Cataracts Treatment
If your vision seems like you're looking through a cloud, make an appointment with one of our eye doctors here at Arvada Optometric Center right away. We'll give you an exam and discuss treatment options for any issues that are found.